Assignment 4 further reading

Helen suggested I look at the works of Edgar Martin, in particular, the image series ‘When Light Casts No Shadow 2008‘[1].  This particular series was created at night on various airports around the world with special airside access.  The long exposures have been used to create a very abstract very lonely and series of images.  Image 122.jpg is a 3 hour exposure and appears to be a light trail, there is no indication of what created the light trail but it is very symmetrical and if the image was taken out of series I would not know what it was or how it had been created.

The other identifying point to this series is that the runways/taxiways are all of black tarmac and which allow the painted lines to stand out, as mentioned in the series description this is quite unique as most runways tend to be a grey concrete colour.  The black also adds an eeriness and soace to the images. The negative space allows the eye to focus on the positive space such as the lines and light trails, the sense of the scale of the lines also makes the vehicle and aircraft in the following images appear to be toys,   023.jpg[3] 033.jpg[4] . On reviewing the series I do feel the first image of the lady standing by the wall of the terminal building is a little out of place, although I think its a well lit and balanced image it stands apart from the abstract lines of the rest of the images.

I’m praticularly drawn to the series of ‘This is not a house 2008’[5].  I like empty vistas and dereliction, the absence of man and what he’s left behind.   Not quite like the images of Keith Arnatt [6] but of those similar to Rebecca Bathory[7] and Lady Schnapps [8]. Relating to empty new buyild houses following the subprime mortgage market collapse in 2007 that triggered the current financial crisis.  The images (but 1) show empty and sometimes vandalised new homes or rooms, housing estates and co mmercial developments that simply were not completed and stand derelict across the US.  The images lead the viewer into a snapshot of an era of depression, the empty homes ask questions as to whether they will be ever completed or occupied,  piles of rubbish, broken windows, unused building materials and furniture show some form human presence since the builders left. Image 34 [8]is a yellow and purple house with rubbish piled in front of it, there is a darkness to this image, perhaps the financial cloud itself, due to the vignette that draws the eye straight to the house and the rubbish then tells the story.  Comparing this to a similar house in image 33 [9]but with a nice sunny perspective tells a completely different story.

[1], [2], [3] & [4] ‘When Light Casts no Shadow’, 2008 Edgar Martin. – Accessed 21 January 2018

[5], [8] & [9]’This is not a house’, 2008 Edgar Martin. – Accessed 21 January 2018

[6] Keith Arnatt ‘Pictures from a rubbish tip’ 1988-89. accessed 21 January 2018

[7] Rebecca Bathory ‘Orphans of time’. accessed 21 January 2018

[8] Lady Schnapps ‘Asile des Alienes (FR)’ – accessed 21 January 2018.

Back to Assignment 4


Assignment 5 – further reflection

Part of the feedback from my Tutor for assignment 5 included the following photographers:

Sarah Lee – accessed 22/01/2018

George Giorgiou – accessed 22/01/2018

Thomas Kellner – accessed 22/01/2018

I looked at the work of Sarah Lee, the images have a nice colour pallette bright and in most cases light even through they are at night she uses the available light.  Most of the people are going about their business, sitting on the bus or just waiting around for a bus. They are in their own worlds wirther reflecting on what is going on in their heads or being taken away from the journey by a book to pass away the time.  Some of the commuters have recognised the camera and there are looks ranging from interest to discontent.   I particulartly like the image of the man behind hte condensation on the window, there is an element of intrigue here, what does he look like, who is he, do I know him.  You also felel like you wnt to reach out and draw a smiley face into the condensation so you can see him peak though.

George has sat on a bus and taken photographs of the life that passes by him on the journey, normal people going about their business.  These are images you see everyday on the bus when you look out of the window, they are image sthat you see and then quickly dismiss from your memory as they are just normal like.  I saw the image of the tyre fitting workshop, I immediately recognised this as it’s a 5 minute walk down the canal from me, it no longer exists as most of that area is being regenerated.  A moment in time which is now lost, just like our memory of the journey and the fleeting billoard advertisement of Davina McCall and the hair colouring.

I love the abstract works of Thomas Kellner.  The monuments of Big Ben (the Elizabeth Tower) and the Eiffel Tower are amazing.  csm_02_01_a72c8dcf7e.jpg (accessed 22/01/2018)


They remind me of a Transfomer robot toy or a kaleidoscope image.  The framing of each image with the film frame adds an extra layer away from the actual individual frames.  There are pages (accessed 22/01/2018) from his noteook on the Eiffel tower which give an insight into how these images have been constructed and layered to produce the final output.  Very impressive and a tick in the box for me to attempt!

Exercise 3.2


The first 2 images below were created with the camera mounted on a tripod, the shutter release I set on mirror up to reduce any shutter vibration.  The light stands in the frame move up and down synchronised to a music track, during this, the stands also change colour which also gives the layered effect that reminds me very much of a refreshers lollipop I had as a child.

Exercise 3.2-carl516037-6

ISO 100 24mm f16 15 sec mounted on tripod

Exercise 3.2-carl516037-5

ISO 100 24mm f16 15 sec mounted on tripod

The following images are all handheld, I’ve depressed the shutter button to expose the sensor and while the shutter is open moved the camera around in different patterns to create different shapes with the light

Exercise 3.2-carl516037-4

ISO 100 48mm f13 1.5 sec

Exercise 3.2-carl516037-3

ISO 100 48mm f13 1.5 sec

Exercise 3.2-carl516037-2

ISO 100 24mm f13 2.0sec

Exercise 3.2-carl516037-1

ISO 800 28mm f16 1.0 sec




Exercise 4.3


In all of the images below the frames are filled with artificial light, the light sources are all from different types of bulbs and all have different light temperatures generated by them.  In the tunnel image the actual colours shifted in a different sequence with different colours appearing stronger and darker (the blue)  compared to others, the actual lights themselves also turned off in a sequence.  Not only do you need to factor in the correct white balance you also need to adjust exposures to compensate for the different colours.

With the red neon kitchen sign the colours are very vibrant, compare this to the colours from within the cafe itself which are very orange and warm.

Another factor to take into account is light pollution in city environments, other sources of light tend to reflect off cloud cover and longer exposures can result in an orange tinge to the sky as shown in the second image.

The quality of light is very directional, not normally from the arc of east to west where the sun arcs and therefore the shadows are cast differently and can be unexpected.  The quality of the light can be better than daylight depending on the source but is less powerful leading to higher ISO or longer exposures.  Multiple light sources create challenges of their own with different bulbs emitting different colour temperatures, this is also dependant upon their age, a room should look consistent but different bulbs quite often produce a mixed colour temperature.

Exercise 4.3-carl516037-7Exercise 4.3-carl516037-6Exercise 4.3-carl516037-5Exercise 4.3-carl516037-4Exercise 4.3-carl516037-3Exercise 4.3-carl516037-2Exercise 4.3-carl516037-1

Exercise 5.1

Exercise 5.1


I looked at this exercise from 2 points, firstly me as a person and how I get to work.  I don’t know the people on the train but I’m forced into situations where the space between us is extremely less than I would like.  I’ve observed commuters as they board an empty train, watched then find their preferred seat away from others and then slowly the train fills up.  Lucky are the ones that get a seat.

My second point from the perspective of me as a student, I have empathy for those students as they are learning, attending seminars and learning their craft, this empathy is also from my perspective as working at an institution of Higher Education I not only see the students learning but also their needs as a student to get through their educational life.

I sat in on an extracurricular guest lecturer seminar as this was delivered, I looked at the students as they occupied their seats and throughout the lecture and the interaction between the speaker and audience.

My series on the space between us is from the point of observance, there are scenes within this series that show some form of mimicking between individuals behaviour, what is considered acceptable (a pizza in a seminar?) and also the diversity of people in one space.

Of all the images I feel that the 3rd from the last image in this series,  of the lecturer and chair,  best represents the brief.   The 2 men are sitting next to each other but not too close and they are leaning away maintaining the space between them.

Exercise 3.3


I found an old film camera on an online auction site, a Minolta AF7000 not a bad buy around £25.00.

I opened up the back and turned on the camera, setting the camera to shutter priority I adjusted the settings and pressed the shutter button.   It took my eyes a short while to adjust to the light and focus on the image in the open aperture.

I found that I could only see a discernable image at 1 second or longer.  ( I needed to borrow my wife’s glasses as the aperture was so small ).

Exercise 3.3-carl516037-1

Across the canal from my flat a cash and carry warehouse has been demolished to make way for a new development of flats.  I’ve been fascinated with the whole process (apart from the noise) and they’re now at the point where the building has all but completely been removed from existence and the concrete slab is being dug up.

The scene is from the 5th floor, the foregound is the canal and then beyond is the next bank and industrial estate, demolition site and apartments.  Next to that a roadway and more apartment blocks with larger residential tower blocks on the horizon with a construction crane and then for a change a nice blue sky with white/grey clouds threatening the end of the day with rain.   this image I waited for a nice day with bright sunlight.

The layers in the building site become more apparent when you look through the site, there are ‘diggers’, rock crushing machines, fuel and gas tanks, skips for waste separation and then the workers car and fenceline, beyond that the residential housing.  As my eye moves through the frame I re-adjust focus and then concentrate on the details at that point such as the piles of rubble through to the grass growing in the roof gutters of the houses opposite.  This takes time to see, look and then process before moving on.   In that time things change, birds fly around, clouds move, the sun changes rightness as it passes behind clouds.  With my camera I take the image, 1/45 second at F16 has now captured all of that in one single frame far faster than I can.