Exercise 3.2


The first 2 images below were created with the camera mounted on a tripod, the shutter release I set on mirror up to reduce any shutter vibration.  The light stands in the frame move up and down synchronised to a music track, during this, the stands also change colour which also gives the layered effect that reminds me very much of a refreshers lollipop I had as a child.

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ISO 100 24mm f16 15 sec mounted on tripod

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ISO 100 24mm f16 15 sec mounted on tripod

The following images are all handheld, I’ve depressed the shutter button to expose the sensor and while the shutter is open moved the camera around in different patterns to create different shapes with the light

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ISO 100 48mm f13 1.5 sec

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ISO 100 48mm f13 1.5 sec

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ISO 100 24mm f13 2.0sec

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ISO 800 28mm f16 1.0 sec





Exercise 4.3


In all of the images below the frames are filled with artificial light, the light sources are all from different types of bulbs and all have different light temperatures generated by them.  In the tunnel image the actual colours shifted in a different sequence with different colours appearing stronger and darker (the blue)  compared to others, the actual lights themselves also turned off in a sequence.  Not only do you need to factor in the correct white balance you also need to adjust exposures to compensate for the different colours.

With the red neon kitchen sign the colours are very vibrant, compare this to the colours from within the cafe itself which are very orange and warm.

Another factor to take into account is light pollution in city environments, other sources of light tend to reflect off cloud cover and longer exposures can result in an orange tinge to the sky as shown in the second image.

The quality of light is very directional, not normally from the arc of east to west where the sun arcs and therefore the shadows are cast differently and can be unexpected.  The quality of the light can be better than daylight depending on the source but is less powerful leading to higher ISO or longer exposures.  Multiple light sources create challenges of their own with different bulbs emitting different colour temperatures, this is also dependant upon their age, a room should look consistent but different bulbs quite often produce a mixed colour temperature.

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Exercise 5.1

Exercise 5.1


I looked at this exercise from 2 points, firstly me as a person and how I get to work.  I don’t know the people on the train but I’m forced into situations where the space between us is extremely less than I would like.  I’ve observed commuters as they board an empty train, watched then find their preferred seat away from others and then slowly the train fills up.  Lucky are the ones that get a seat.

My second point from the perspective of me as a student, I have empathy for those students as they are learning, attending seminars and learning their craft, this empathy is also from my perspective as working at an institution of Higher Education I not only see the students learning but also their needs as a student to get through their educational life.

I sat in on an extracurricular guest lecturer seminar as this was delivered, I looked at the students as they occupied their seats and throughout the lecture and the interaction between the speaker and audience.

My series on the space between us is from the point of observance, there are scenes within this series that show some form of mimicking between individuals behaviour, what is considered acceptable (a pizza in a seminar?) and also the diversity of people in one space.

Of all the images I feel that the 3rd from the last image in this series,  of the lecturer and chair,  best represents the brief.   The 2 men are sitting next to each other but not too close and they are leaning away maintaining the space between them.

Exercise 3.3


I found an old film camera on an online auction site, a Minolta AF7000 not a bad buy around £25.00.

I opened up the back and turned on the camera, setting the camera to shutter priority I adjusted the settings and pressed the shutter button.   It took my eyes a short while to adjust to the light and focus on the image in the open aperture.

I found that I could only see a discernable image at 1 second or longer.  ( I needed to borrow my wife’s glasses as the aperture was so small ).

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Across the canal from my flat a cash and carry warehouse has been demolished to make way for a new development of flats.  I’ve been fascinated with the whole process (apart from the noise) and they’re now at the point where the building has all but completely been removed from existence and the concrete slab is being dug up.

The scene is from the 5th floor, the foregound is the canal and then beyond is the next bank and industrial estate, demolition site and apartments.  Next to that a roadway and more apartment blocks with larger residential tower blocks on the horizon with a construction crane and then for a change a nice blue sky with white/grey clouds threatening the end of the day with rain.   this image I waited for a nice day with bright sunlight.

The layers in the building site become more apparent when you look through the site, there are ‘diggers’, rock crushing machines, fuel and gas tanks, skips for waste separation and then the workers car and fenceline, beyond that the residential housing.  As my eye moves through the frame I re-adjust focus and then concentrate on the details at that point such as the piles of rubble through to the grass growing in the roof gutters of the houses opposite.  This takes time to see, look and then process before moving on.   In that time things change, birds fly around, clouds move, the sun changes rightness as it passes behind clouds.  With my camera I take the image, 1/45 second at F16 has now captured all of that in one single frame far faster than I can.


Exercise 2.4


I was unable to create this image outside as the light was failing and it was a very flat overcast day. I’ve created this image with the subject in good artificial light which was above, forward if the subject and slightly to the left.  I’ve added. reflector to this on the left side of the frame to fill in the shadows under the chin.  As we were inside I’ve needed to increase the ISO to compensate.

Although this image is a good representation the white balance between the overhead lights and the background has added a colder tint to the natural light.

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Exercise 3.1

Exercise 3.1


I initially looked at the subject of moving traffic, very quickly I realised this would not provide the desired results.  A car in the middle of the road at a high shutter speed is just sitting there, there is nothing to add any sense of motion or sense or action.   Similarly, cycles and motorbikes don’t add any drama, as they are on two wheels your brain is telling you that they must be moving as they are upright but no drama with no sense of motion to show they are moving.  I’ve included 2 images to represent this.  Shot at ISO 560 f4.0 1/500 sec

I moved on from there and went down to the river Thames, there are normal commuter boats moving up and downstream, adding to the tourist sightseeing boats and pleasure rib boats (there must be a joke there somewhere).

Movement of the boats creates a wave of water around the bow and a wake of disturbed water behind, as the Thames is tidal waves form and when the boat bow wave combines with the wave there is an explosion of drama.  Although the higher shutter speed freezes the action the effect of the boat on the body of water creates a dramatic effect and still includes a sense of motion.

Due to the higher shutter speeds I’ve increased the normal ISO of 100 to around 400, slightly less than the roadway images above as the water reflects the light, this allows enough of light to be captured in the shortest exposure time.


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ISO 400 200mm f6.7 1/500 sec

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ISO 400 200mm f8.0 1/750 sec

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ISO 400 200mm f5.6 1/750 sec

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ISO 400 200mm f5.6 1/750 sec

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ISO 400 122mm f5.6 1/750 sec

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ISO 400 200mm f5.6 1/1000 sec

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ISO 400 200mm f5.6 1/1000 sec

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ISO 400 120mm f8.0 1/500sec


Exercise 2.5

Exercise 2.5


Exercise 2.5-1Exercise 2.5-2

 I’ve created these images by lying on a park bench in Greenwich park.  I was initially drawn by some people in the distance by the tree but then liked the greenery of the tree itself that contrasts with the man made iron work of the bench.  The first image shows the detail of the paint and what appear to be fingerprints made while the paint was not quite dry.  With the tree as the focal point all of the background is sharp and the tree is framed by the swirling aperture of the wrought ironwork, by moving the focus point to the ironwork the background is thrown out of focus and adds to the image only by subtle shapes of the trees and the blended colours of the subjects themselves.