Exercise 2.4


I was unable to create this image outside as the light was failing and it was a very flat overcast day. I’ve created this image with the subject in good artificial light which was above, forward if the subject and slightly to the left.  I’ve added. reflector to this on the left side of the frame to fill in the shadows under the chin.  As we were inside I’ve needed to increase the ISO to compensate.

Although this image is a good representation the white balance between the overhead lights and the background has added a colder tint to the natural light.

Exercise 2.4-carl516037-1

Exercise 2.5

Exercise 2.5


Exercise 2.5-1Exercise 2.5-2

 I’ve created these images by lying on a park bench in Greenwich park.  I was initially drawn by some people in the distance by the tree but then liked the greenery of the tree itself that contrasts with the man made iron work of the bench.  The first image shows the detail of the paint and what appear to be fingerprints made while the paint was not quite dry.  With the tree as the focal point all of the background is sharp and the tree is framed by the swirling aperture of the wrought ironwork, by moving the focus point to the ironwork the background is thrown out of focus and adds to the image only by subtle shapes of the trees and the blended colours of the subjects themselves.
Exercise 2.7

Exercise 2.7


for this exercise I went to Canary Wharf in London on a Sunday as it would be less busy, unfortunately, the sky was overcast and the light very flat which didn’t allow the shadows I would have liked.  Canary Wharf is a very clinical place, there are gardens and parks but they are very well maintained and very tidy so more often than not they look very much like a newly planted garden.  This is aesthetically pleasing as the architectural clean lines still exist but at the same time can be very sterile.  The garden is located above the new Crossrail station Jubilee Place, the bridge in the second set of images is a level below and links the main estate to the new station.  The other drawback with Canary wharf is that is is a private estate with its own security team, they normally tend to leave you alone if you’re not in one place for too long or are have a tripod and its busy.  I didn’t know that on the chosen day there was an emergency exercise underway and I was stopped on three separate occasions, the officers were pleasant on all occasions and I also felt they were interested in what I was doing rather than being obstructive(if only some places in London could take tips!).  I also bumped into a camera club walkabout and a couple of general members of the public that just wanted to chat as I had a tripod.

All of the images below are created with my Nikon D810 and 24-70 wide lens, due to the long exposures and small aperture all are mounted on a tripod.  In this instance I did not use a remote release but set the camera to mirror up mode prior to releasing the shutter to create the exposure.

In the roof garden I like image 2, the garden walkway disappears behind the sign in the mid distance, you can see the sign but not what it instructs you and with the foliage hiding the path it adds a level of intrigue.  The soft foliage is then overshadowed y the strong roof lines.

The walkway is a great location if you want long lead in lines, this image converts very well to black and white with the contrast boosted, however it is now one of those ‘tourist’ images regularly popping up on images of Canary Wharf.  I created the usual image and also one to the side (image 5), in this image the lines converge more noticeably and the overhead light bends towards the viewer, like its seeking you out.   My final select would be image 7, although quite bland in overall colours the girl in the red coat stands out, the family group is also reflected in the window on the walkway which adds another layer to this image.


Exercise 2.7-carl516037-1

Image 1 ISO 100 24mm f22 1.0sec

Exercise 2.7-carl516037-3

Image 2 ISO 100 27mm f22 2.0sec

Exercise 2.7-carl516037-4

Image 3 ISO 100 27mm f22 2.0 sec

Exercise 2.7-carl516037-5

Image 4 ISO 100 24mm f22 1.5 sec

Exercise 2.7-carl516037-6

Image 5 ISO 100 40mm f22 2.0sec

Exercise 2.7-carl516037-7

Image 6 ISO 100 24mm f22 0.7sec

Exercise 2.7-carl516037-8

Image 7 ISO 100 35mm f22 0.5 sec


Exercise 2.2

Exercise 2.2

The following two images were created in 17/09/2016 at 11:45 am. I’ve selected a walkway with sufficient distance behind the model to allow the effect of the lens to be exacerbated. I have included the image metadata in each image caption.

In image 1 the background is sufficiently out of focus but is still a little distracting, the depth of field in the second image allows the subject to be the sole focus of the image although the depth of field on the subjects face at 200mm f11 is shallower than 70mm at f11 and the image is softer.  For the portrait, I prefer image 2 as the image is a little softer focussed on the face and feels a little fuller than image 1.


Exercise 2.2-1

ISO 400 70mm f11 1/125 sec 70-200mm lens


Exercise 2.2-2

ISO 400 200mm f11 1/125sec 70-200mm lens

Exercise 2.6

Exercise 2.6


I wandered up to Greenwich Park in London on 8th April 2017 to undertake this exercise.  The selected images were created around 10am.  I have included the image metadata in the caption under each image.

The two series are shown below, my flower recognition but I believe the purple flowers are Tulips, the white flowers and the yellow in the following sequence I do not know.

I have marked one image from the 2 series as final selects.  On the Tulips the sun provides a nice highlight to the flower but due to its angle adds a light shadow and contrast to the final image.  The very shallow field of f2.8 brings all but the subject flower into focus with everything else in the frame adding a nice colour with a reference to the subject itself.

Although I very much like the yellow flowers on the tree branch,  the depth of field at f4.0 has been very much influenced by a low shutter speed and a slight breath of wind that has allowed the flowers to be out of focus.  To enhance this image I should have closed the aperture down to 5.6 and increased the shutter speed to at least 1/60.


Exercise 2.6-1

ISO 100 70mm f2.8 1/500 sec 24-70mm lens

Exercise 2.6-2

ISO100 70mm f2.87 1/500 sec 24-70mm lens

Exercise 2.6-3

ISO 100 62mm f2.8 1/500 sec 24-70mm lens

Exercise 2.6-4

ISO 100 62mm f2.8 1/250 sec 24-70mm lens – SELECT

Exercise 2.6-5

ISO 100 70mm f4.0 1/45 sec 24-70mm lens – SELECT

Exercise 2.6-6

ISO 100 50mm f4.0 1/45 sec 24-70mm lens

Exercise 2.6-7

ISO 100 44mm f4.0 1/45 sec 24-70mm lens

Exercise 2.6-8

ISO 100 44mm f2.8 1/250 24-70mm lens


Exercise 2.1

Exercise 2.1


For this exercise, I went to London and visited Paternoster Square behind St Pauls Cathedral.  These images were captured on 9/10/2016 at around 2pm.  It was a nice sunny afternoon which cast some nice crisp shadows.  I particularly liked this scene as it not only shows depth (which is what the exercise wanted) but I like the colonnade and arches with their strong leading lines to the far of the frame, it is a pity there was nothing of real interest at the end of the colonnade other than a few signs and an umbrella.

I’m using a Nikon D810 which is a full frame camera so the focal lengths shown below are taken from the image metadata.  The camera was set to manual mode and all settings were consistent at ISO 280 f11 1/250 sec using a 24-70 mm lens and the camera was handheld.  The focal lengths are stated in the image captions.


The image that sits closest to the normal field of view are those taken at 35mm (image 3), the next one I would say would be that at 50mm.



Exercise 2.1 ISO 280 24mm f11 1/250 sec 24-70 mm lens


Exercise 2.1 ISO 280 28mm f11 1/250 sec 24-70 lens


Exercise 2.1 ISO 280 35mm f11 1/250 Sec 24-70mm lens


Exercise 2.1 ISO 280 50mm f11 1/250 sec 24-70mm lens


Exercise 2.1 ISO 280 70mm f11 1/250 sec 24-70mm lens